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I'm on the way of teaching Englsih.

 
 
 

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1999年9月至2001年8月任教于凤阳县板桥中学,2000年10月当选为板桥中学团委书记。 2001年8辞职,同年八月受聘于私立无锡光华学校。2007年7月,受聘于安徽凤阳兴华学校,任政教主任,兼任校团委书记、中学部长。2008年先后被评为凤阳县首届“教坛新星”、“教学能手”、“骨干教师”。2011年9月,任教于安吉振民高级中学。2012年,兼任高一英语备课组长。

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形容词作状语  

2012-03-09 16:52:49|  分类: 教学资料 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 形容词作状语 

形容词除了可以作定语、表语或补语外,还可以在句中作状语,具有副词的功能。形容词作状语用时,一般用逗号将其与句子的其余部分隔开。这种状语可位于句首、句末或句中。它在意义上相当于一个状语从句,具有以下语义和特征。

一、形容词或形容词短语可以作状语,表示行为方式或伴随状况。有时,它会像非限制性定语从句一样,表示意义上的增补,其逻辑主语是句子的主语。例如:

1. Crusoe stared at the footprint, full of fear. (=Crusoe, who was full of fear, stared at the footprint. )克鲁索两眼死盯着脚印看,内心里充满着恐惧。

2. He approached us, full of apologies. (=He, who was full of apologies, approached us. )

他连声道歉地朝我们走过来。

二、形容词或形容词短语可以作状语,表示原因。这种状语一般位于句首,有时也可位于句中。它可看作是being现在分词短语作状语。例如:

1. Angry at the girl oversleeping, Mr. Green went down to wake her up. (=Mr Green went down to wake up the girl because he was angry with her for oversleeping.)格林先生下去叫醒她,是因为她睡过了头惹恼了他。

2. Lin Tao, glad to accept the suggestion, nodded his agreement. (=Because he was glad to accept the suggestion, Lin Tao nodded his agreement.)因为林涛很乐意接受这个建议,所以他就点头同意了。

3. (Being) Poor,he couldn't send his son to school. 因为贫穷,他不能送儿子上学。

三、形容词或形容词短语可以作状语,表示时间或条件。这种状语常位于句首,也可位于句末。例如:

1. Ripe, these apples are sweet. (=When / If these apples are ripe, they are sweet. )

这些苹果熟了,味道很甜。

2. Enthusiastic, they are quite cooperative. (=When / If they are enthusiastic, they are cooperative. )他们热心时是很愿意合作的。

四、形容词或形容词短语可以作让步状语。这种状语常由连词or连接的两个或两个以上的并列形容词构成,一般位于句首,有时也可位于句中。例如:

1. Right or wrong, he always comes off worst in an argument because of his inability to speak coherently. (=Whether he is right or wrong, he always comes off worst because of his inability to speak coherently. )由于讲话语无伦次,所以不论有理没理,他在辩论中的表现总是非常糟糕。

2. Wet or fine, he got up at six and took a walk in the park. (= Whether it was wet or fine, he got up at six and took a walk in the park.)不管是晴天还是下雨天,他总是六点钟起床,并到公园里散散步。

五、形容词或形容词短语可以作状语,表示结果或存在的状态。这种状语在句中的位置很灵活。例如:

1. For a moment she just stood there, unable to believe what had just happened.

她在那儿呆呆地站了一会儿,不敢相信刚才发生的事情。

2. One woman was lying in bed, awake, listening to the rushing wind.

有一个女人躺在床上,毫无睡意,静听那疾驰而过的大风。

3. He returned from war, safe and sound.——他安然无恙地从战争中归来。

六、形容词或形容词短语可以在句首作状语,表示说话人的态度。例如:

1. Strange, he should have done such a thing. 奇怪,他做了这样一件事。

2. Worse still, the lion could even carry off the baby it its mouth.

更糟糕的是,狮子甚至能把婴儿叼走。

3. Even more important, he is in charge of the project. 更重要的是,他负责这项工程。

【注意】形容词作状语,逻辑主语通常是句中主语,但有时也可以是句中宾语。如: George glared at his boy now naughty. 乔治怒目注视着正淘气的儿子。

        We don’t eat vegetables raw. (=When vegetables are raw, we don’t eat them.)

我们不生吃蔬菜。

【高考真题】

1. After his journey from abroad, Richard Jones returned home, ______. (04上海春季)

A. exhausting         B. exhausted              C. being exhausted      D. having exhausted

2. _______ in the mountains for a week, the two students were finally saved by the local police.

A. Having lost          B. Lost                      C. Being lost              D. Losing (05江苏)

3. ______ and happy, Tony stood up and accepted the prize.(2006全国(1、2))

A. Surprising           B. Surprised               C. Being surprised       D. To be surprising

4. Though _________ to see us, the professor gave us a warm welcome. (10全国Ⅱ11)

A. surprising             B. as surprised                  C. surprised               D being surprised

5. _____and short of breath, Andy and Ruby were the first to reach the top of Mount Tai.(09浙江卷)

A. To be tried             B. Tired                     C. Tiring                    D. Being tired

6. Every evening after dinner, if not      from work, I will spend some time walking my dog.

     A. being tired             B. tiring              C. tired       D. to be tired (09湖南卷21)

7. _________, she is the sort of woman to spread sunshine to people through her smile. (10安徽)

A. Shy and cautious                                          B. Sensitive and thoughtful

C. Honest and confident                                    D. Lighthearted and optimistic

 

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