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I'm on the way of teaching Englsih.

 
 
 

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1999年9月至2001年8月任教于凤阳县板桥中学,2000年10月当选为板桥中学团委书记。 2001年8辞职,同年八月受聘于私立无锡光华学校。2007年7月,受聘于安徽凤阳兴华学校,任政教主任,兼任校团委书记、中学部长。2008年先后被评为凤阳县首届“教坛新星”、“教学能手”、“骨干教师”。2011年9月,任教于安吉振民高级中学。2012年,兼任高一英语备课组长。

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as soon as, hardly…when, no sooner…than用法区别  

2012-04-28 08:53:08|  分类: 教学资料 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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as soon as, hardly…when, no sooner…than用法区别

as soon as, hardly…when…,no sooner…than…这三个短语都有“一……就”、“刚刚……就”的意思,它们的意思非常相近,因此有时可以互换。例如:

“我刚到公共汽车站,汽车就开了。”一句,就可以有如下几句译法:

As soon as I got to the bus stop, the bus started.

Hardly had I got to the bus stop when the bus started.

No sooner had I got to the bus stop than the bus started.

 但他们之间也有一些差异,例如,如果从两件事情的间隔时间来说,as soon as 较长,no sooner...than

居中,hardly...when 间隔时间最短。其它的一些区别见下面,请大家在运用的时候要留意。

 1.as soon as

 它的意思相当于“A事情发生以后,就做B这件事”。

这个短语用的比较常用,口语和书面语都可以。它的特点是,在句子中的位置比较灵活,而且可以用于各种时态。例如:

I’ll write you as soon as I get there.我一到那儿就给你来信。(一般现在时)

As soon as I went in, Katherine cried out with pleasure.

我一进门,Katherine 就高兴的叫起来。(一般过去时)

I’ll return the book as soon as I have read it.我一读完就把书还回去。(现在完成时)

Andrew left as soon as he had drunk his coffee.Andrew一喝完咖啡就走了。(过去完成时)

2.no sooner…than

它的意思相当于“刚做完A这件事,就做B这件事”。例如:

He had no sooner returned than he bought a house.他一回来就买了一套房子。

如果no sooner 位于句首,主句要用倒装结构。例如:

No sooner had he arrived than he went away again.他刚到就又走了。

No sooner had the game started  than it began to rain heavily.

运动会刚开始,天就下起了大雨。

有一点要注意,no sooner…than 一般用来描述做过的事情,它不能用于表示将来的事。

3.hardly…when...

它的意思是“几乎未来得及做完A这件事,紧接着就开始B这件事。”

使用这个短语时,一般用于过去完成时;并且when有时可改用before。例如:

He had hardly finished the article when the light went out.他刚写完文,灯就熄了。

He had hardly had time to settle down when he sold the house.

他还未安顿下来,就卖掉了那所房子。

另外,如果把hardly放于句首,主句要用倒装结构即谓语动词要提前。如:

Hardly had I finished eating when he came in.我刚吃完他就进来了。

Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.她还没走出家门,就有一个学生来看望她

no sooner..than是一...就...的意思.必须要倒装

一般句型是on sooner had sb done than...这是部分倒装

no sooner than ...... equals to "as soon as..."

eg:No sooner was the frost off the ground than the work began.

地上的霜一消散,人们就开始工作了.

hardly when

Hardly had the thief seen the policeman when he ran away.

= Scarcely had the thief seen the policeman before he ran away. <before=when>

=No sooner had the thief seen the policeman than he ran away.

=As soon as the thief saw the policeman, he ran away.

=Upon seeing the policeman, the thief ran away. <upon=on>

<as soon as=the instant (when)=the moment (that)=immediately after=directly after=right after>

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