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I'm on the way of teaching Englsih.

 
 
 

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1999年9月至2001年8月任教于凤阳县板桥中学,2000年10月当选为板桥中学团委书记。 2001年8辞职,同年八月受聘于私立无锡光华学校。2007年7月,受聘于安徽凤阳兴华学校,任政教主任,兼任校团委书记、中学部长。2008年先后被评为凤阳县首届“教坛新星”、“教学能手”、“骨干教师”。2011年9月,任教于安吉振民高级中学。2012年,兼任高一英语备课组长。

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be going to与will的区别  

2012-10-17 07:55:38|  分类: 团的工作资料 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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be going to与will的区别
be going to与will两者都可表示将要发生的事、将要去做某事,但它们有如下几点差别:
1. be going to 表示近期、眼下就要发生的事情,will 表示的将来时间则较远一些,如:He is going to write a letter tonight. He will write a book one day. 
2. be going to表示根据主观判断将来绝对发生的事情,will表示客观上将来势必发生的事情。 如:He is seriously ill. He is going to die. He will be twenty years old.
3. be going to含有“打算,准备”的意思,而will则没有这个意思,如:She is going to lend us her book. He will be here in half an hour.
4.在有条件从句的主句中,一般不用 be going to,而多用will。如:If any beast comes at you, I'll stay with you and help you.
5. will可以表示主动为他人做某事或是给出一个承诺,可以翻译为‘为’和‘会’。 It is very cold. I will make you some hot coffee. If you take part in the election, I will support you.  
请看一道题:
—I’ve come out without any money. 
Never mind I __________ you some. 
A. am going to lend     B. will lend      C. have lent       D. am to lend
【分析】此题应选B。容易误选A。这里主要谈一谈有关“will+动词原形”和“be going to+动词原形”的区别:
在通常情况下两者都可表示将来时间和意图,且有时可换用:
我不会告诉你这事的。
正:I won’t tell you about it. 
正:I’m not going to tell you about it. 
但是此时要注意:若是强调某个意图是经过事先考虑好的,则通常要用be going to;若是表示某个意图没有经过事先考虑,而是在说话的当时才临时想到的,则通常用will,且以上两种情况通常不能换用。比较并体会:
1. —Come to the party. 来参加晚会吧。
—OK,I’ll bring my boyfriend. 好的,我把我的男 朋友也带来。(临时想法)
2. —Where is the telephone book? 电话薄在哪?
—I’ll get it for you. 我去给你拿。(临时想法)
3. —Why are you taking it out? 干吗要把它拿出来?
—I’m going to wash it. 我想把它洗一洗。 (事先考虑)
4. —Have you bought a typewriter? 你买了台打字机吗?
—Yes. I’m going to learn to type. 是的,我想学打字。(事先考虑)

练习

一、单项选择。

(   ) 1.  There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

         A. will be going to               B. will going to be

         C. is going to be                 D. will go to be

(   ) 2.  Charlie ________ here next month.

         A. isn’t working                 B. doesn’t working

         C. isn’t going to working        D. won’t work

(   ) 3.  He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.

         A. will be; is                    B. is; is

         C. will be; will be               D. is; will be

(   ) 4.  There ________ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.

         A. was                            B. is going to have

         C. will have                      D. is going to be

(   ) 5.  –________ you ________ free tomorrow?

        – No. I ________ free the day after tomorrow.

         A. Are; going to; will            B. Are; going to be; will

         C. Are; going to; will be         D. Are; going to be; will be

(   ) 6.  Mother ________ me a nice present on my next birthday.

         A. will gives                     B. will give

         C. gives                          D. give

(   ) 7.  – Shall I buy a cup of tea for you?

        –________. (不,不要。)

         A. No, you won’t.                B. No, you aren’t.

         C. No, please don’t.             D. No, please.

(   ) 8.  – Where is the morning paper?

        – I ________ if for you at once.

         A. get                            B. am getting

         C. to get                         D. will get

二、动词填空。

1. I ______(leave)in a minute. I ______(finish)all my work before I ______ (leave).

2. —How long _____ you _____(study)in our country?

 —I _____(plan)to be here for about one more year.

 —I _____(hope)to visit the other parts of your country.

 —What ______ you ______(do)after you ______(leave)here?

 —I ______(return)home and ______(get)a job.

3. I ______(be)tired. I ______(go)to bed early tonight.

4. Mary’s birthday is next Monday, her mother _____(give)her a present.

三、句型转换。

1. People in the north often go skating in winter. (next winter)

 

2. There are two cinemas in that town. (next year)

 

3. He comes back late.(in two days)

 

4. She is a conductor of a train.(soon)

参考答案:

一、单项选择。

1. C    2. D     3. D     4.D     5. D     6. B     7. C     8. D    

二、动词填空。

1. am leaving ; will finish ; leave    

2. will ; study ; plan ; hope ; will ; do ; leave ; will return ; get

3. am ; will          4. will give             

三、句型转换。

1. People in the north will go skating next winter.

2. There will be two cinemas in that town next year.

3. He will come back late in two days.

4. She will be a conductor of a train soon.

 

作业

一、单项选择。

 (   ) 1. The day after tomorrow they ________ a volleyball match.

          A. will watching                   B. watches

          C. is watching                     D. is going to watch

(   ) 2. There ________ a birthday party this Sunday.

          A. shall be                        B. will be

          C. shall going to be               D. will going to be

(   ) 3. They ________ an English evening next Sunday.

          A. are having                      B. are going to have

          C. will having                     D. is going to have

(   ) 4. ________ you ________ free next Sunday?

          A. Will; are                       B. Will; be

          C. Do; be                          D. Are; be

(   ) 5. He ________ there at ten tomorrow morning.

          A. will                            B. is

          C. will be                         D. be

(   ) 6. ________ your brother ________ a magazine from the library?

          A. Are; going to borrow            B. Is; going to borrow

          C. Will; borrows                   D. Are; going to borrows

二、动词填空。

1. I am afraid there ______(be)a meeting this afternoon. I can’t join you.

2. Mike ______(believe, not)this until he ______(see)it with his own eyes.

3. Most of us don’t think their team ______(win).

三、句型转换。

1. China is a modern and strong country.(in twenty years)

 

2. Do you study hard?(from now on)

 

3. She didn’t speak English at the meeting.(before long)

 

 The keys:

一、单项选择。

1. D    2. B    3. B    4. B    5.C    6. B   

二、动词填空。

1. will be          2. won’t believe ; sees    3. will win

三、句型转换。

1. China will be a modern and strong country in twenty years.

2. Will you study hard from now on?

3. She won’t speak English at the meeting before long.

 

 

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